Evaluation of a Produce Prescription Program for Patients With Diabetes: A Longitudinal Analysis of Glycemic Controls

Participants included a nonrandom enrollment of 252 patients with diabetes who received a produce prescription and 534 similar control participants from two clinics in Hartford, Connecticut. The start of the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020 coincided with program implementation. Produce prescription enrollees received vouchers ($60 per month) for 6 months to purchase produce at grocery retail. Controls received usual care. The primary outcome was change in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) between treatment and control at 6 months. Secondary outcomes included 6-month changes in systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), BMI, hospitalizations, and emergency department admissions. Longitudinal generalized estimating equation models, weighted with propensity score overlap weights, assessed changes in outcomes over time.

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